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Donnelley Financial (DFIN) has seen declining revenues since its spinoff and investors have written it off as a dying print business. It is easy to overlook its incredible brand strength in certain business segments along with the successful transitioning of a growing share of its revenue to SaaS with this overhang. For a few key reasons discussed in this article, we believe their fundamentals are now poised to improve and there is 100% upside for investors from current levels.
DFIN spun off from RR Donnelley in 2016. The company provides services and Regtech to public companies and investment companies (Mutual funds, ETFs, hedge funds, variable annuities) that must ensure compliance with the SEC. They have four business segments:
1. Capital Markets Compliance & Communication (CMCC)
2. Capital Markets – Software Solutions (CMSS)
3. Investments Markets Compliance & Communication (IMCC)
4. Investment Markets – Software Solutions (IMSS)
Capital Markets Compliance & Communications CMCC – This segment encompasses all non-SaaS revenue that is linked to meeting public companies’ SEC driven compliance needs. We think it is helpful to further categorize this segment into two separate buckets: 1.) transactional filings like IPOs, M&A, Issuances, 8-Ks, debt offerings etc. 2.) regularized filings such as 10-Ks and 10-Qs.
DFIN’s market share of the overall transactional filings market is dominant, durable and verifiable. According to our own work random sampling over 20,000 transactional filings their share is estimated at greater than 50%. This is a quantification of the value embedded in their long-standing brand. The phrase, “no investment banker or lawyer gets fired by choosing Donnelley” is still a common utterance.
(Watch a competitor speak to the competitive advantage of Donnelley in the video above from minute 33:00 to minute 35:00.)
Transactional filings are supported in part by CMCC’s service arm and printing arm. Although CMCC’s transactional service arm has staying power, the low margin printing component, which makes up roughly 40% of CMCC’s revenue, is in secular decline (see chart below). Revenue from the second bucket (regularized filings) is derived from companies that outsource or partner with Donnelley to meet their SEC regularized filings needs. CMCC’s revenue that is linked to regularized filings is also in secular decline as companies transition to filing using software packages. The good news here is that Donnelley has developed “ActiveDisclosure”, a SaaS solution that enables its customers to transition from the traditional hand-holding approach to self-service.
Capital Markets Software Solutions CMSS – Revenue from this segment is linked to Software as a Service that help public companies meet their SEC compliance needs. CMSS is composed of two SaaS offerings, Venue Virtual Data Room (supports transactional filings) and ActiveDisclosure (supports regularized filings). Venue revenue correlates with DFIN’s market share of IPO deals. CMSS’s second flagship SaaS product is ActiveDisclosure with revenue at a steady 40mm. DFIN has spent aggressively in this space to catch up with new rival Workiva.
Investments Markets Compliance & Communication IMCC –
Investment Markets Compliance & Communications – This is non-SaaS revenue that is linked to helping facilitate investment companies file with the SEC and present shareholder information to investors. Although Donnelley’s brand is not quite as unassailable as it is on the transactional side of capital markets, they do enjoy a 40+% market share of fund filings (source: DFIN investor relations). Fund filings are supported by IMCC’s service arm and print arm. In 2019, Due to regulation 30e-3 that give funds the option to default to electronic filing for shareholder reports, this segment’s revenue will be reduced by 140-150mm translating to about 10-15mm EBITDA hit. The same pressures that Donnelley is experiencing on the CMSS side are felt here although the revenue reduction from print is brought forward with rule 30e-3. Although these reductions in revenue screen poorly, ultimately the more they shed of low margin print revenue, the better investors can evaluate their healthy assets.
Investments Markets Compliance & Communication IMSS – This isDonnelley’s “FundSuiteArc” software offering, that allows fund companies to store and manage compliance and regulatory information. This segment has seen revenue growth as of Q1 2020 and will continue to be bolstered by steady CAPEX. Just like CMSS, you will see a natural flow of revenue from non-SaaS segments into SaaS segments.
Why it’s trading at a low multiple
The downward trendline of their revenue and stock price since their spinoff in 2016 sends prospective investors running for the hills. Their revenue has been in decline since the spin for several reasons – print based revenue continues to shrink, divestiture of non-strategic revenue producing assets and loss of share on the capital market compliance side. There are some mitigating factors to be considered. First is that shedding low margin print based revenue is a good thing as the company will no longer be painted with the “printing” brush. The second is that the loss of share on 10-Qs and 10-Ks has galvanized the company to shifting to a SaaS based business. All driven by sound capital allocation decisions and executive pay both being tied to SaaS growth and cash flow goals.
The company is misunderstood. Some still think of this as a pseudo print business that is basically a dinosaur getting outcompeted left and right. This could not be further from the truth and the print-based revenue is almost going away in its entirety after 2021. Additionally, the market seems to be hung up on revenue growth when this is really a story about beneficial changes in revenue mix that cash flow oriented investors will enjoy.
The revenue received from public company transactional filings is about 30% of consolidated revenues. Additionally, the reason the transactional side is more important than its revenue weighing suggests is that this gives them initial client engagement and allows them to offer the client more services. There is no getting around some cyclicality to their business. However, as more business shifts to SaaS, revenue will become more recurring. The mitigating factor here is that revenues are not as cyclical as people believe as the Investment Markets segment along with ActiveDisclosure are not dependent on the transactional environment.
From about 2010 to 2016, competitor Workiva was able to snag ~50% market share away from Donnelley in compliance filings. Workiva created a solution for collaborative cloud-based software that makes the regularized filings of 10Ks a Qs more efficient. As a result of being outcompeted in this arena, Donnelly has invested heavily (30-40mm annually) in their SaaS offerings, the lion’s share going toward a software solution called ActiveDisclosure that has recently bucked the trend. Revenue from Active disclosure in Q1 2020 was $31,200,000 vs $30,500,000 of Q1 of the previous year. The decline in revenue due to loss of market share has not only recently abated but is showing strong signs of reversing.
Although some investors might associate market share loss in one segment to the entire business this is simply not the case. Their market share in the IPO and M&A market is underappreciated and remains durable and dominant. The effect of this is that they own the initial engagement with the customer allowing them an advantage when it comes to providing them with other solutions. The conversation around solutions for regularized filings is considerably easier if they are totally dependent on you to IPO.
Other competitors have tried to enter this space to no avail. It isn’t as easy as just setting up a software solution and displacing/disrupting the old model. There are a plethora of lawyers, accountants, investment bankers and regulators that all need to be quarterbacked to launch a successful IPO. Maybe one of the few areas where experience is a plus and cannot be disrupted by software and relationships still matter. This is evidence by the fact that Workiva has tried to grab share in this segment but failed. Their share is in the low single digits. As they grow their SaaS revenue, operating leverage will increase given incremental margins from SaaS segments are high (incremental margins in the 30%+ range).
The cyclicality to their business model is not as severe as people believe. M&A and IPOs make up roughly 30% and 40% on the transactional side and are typically are not too correlated. There is generally not a dearth of both during an extended period. Additionally, with the shift to SaaS, the revenue will become more recurring.
The company unveiled new business segment reporting in Q1 2020 (the new segments were used in this article) with the intention of providing investors with a clear picture of growth vs non growth assets. This way investors will be less likely to paint all assets of the company with the “print” paint brush. As a result, investors will be able to clearly see the growth in the SaaS business and have a higher likelihood of properly assessing the assets of the company.
Transactional volume on both the M&A and IPO sides has been lackluster in the past 12 months according to earnings reports. Given rates are near zero and there has been a huge injection of liquidity from central banks to unfreeze capital markets, this should set the stage for increased IPO and M&A activity. This would be a significant boost to their business.
The biggest and most meaningful catalyst is the continued improvement of their SaaS business. If SaaS revenue continues to grow, potential investors will no longer be able to disregard growth assets of the business.
Risk and Forward-Looking Considerations
DFIN’s biggest risk is that their SaaS revenue stops growing. Their SaaS revenue has been growing roughly 5% yoy and our thesis is predicated on the continuation of this growth. Investors should regularly check filings to ensure evidence of growth or if growth dips down for a quarter, management should have clear explanations to confirm the competitiveness of their SaaS solutions.
Another risk is that the IPO market freezes for a couple years due to coronavirus concerns. IPOs have numbered thus far about 50% of normal levels. The number of IPOs and M&A activity is useful to keep track of going forward for investors.
We used a DCF model that discounts future years FCFF and nets out debt to arrive at a valuation for DFIN. We estimate FCFF as (EBITDA – maintenance capex)* (1-tax rate). We use a normalized and adjusted EBITDA to take into account cyclicality along with one off charges. We also use a Monte Carlo that uses a uniform distribution for long term assumptions (past three to five years).
Our assumptions are that CMCC & IMCC segments will continue declining in revenue 3% annually while IMCC reduces revenue by an additional 150mm starting 2021 due to rule 30e-3. All data around revenue trendline and rule 30e-3 are found in Donnelley’s 10Qs and Ks.
The company grows SaaS segments by 5% over the next 4 years before normalizing to a long-term growth rate of 2-3%. Capex remains in the 30-40mm range and declines to 3% of revenue in year 4. Margins trend up to a blended 20% target in year 4 and tax rate remains 21%. WACC is roughly 12% which is high in today’s low rate environment given the cyclical nature of certain business segments. After netting out the 380mm of net debt and pension liability, this leaves a market cap intrinsic value of 600mm, more than a 100% upside from today’s price.
Looking at DFIN’s stock price drop over the past few years from $29/share to $8/share today, it is hard to be optimistic about the future for DFIN. However, lucky for DFIN (or us), stock prices have no memory. DFIN still has a defensible brand and has stabilized market share in its most competitive segment. We believe that as the market realizes this and sees DFIN becoming a higher margin business due to its SaaS transition, DFIN should see significant price appreciation. This is one of our of highest conviction ideas at the moment.
Disclosure: I am/we are long DFIN. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.